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This is a shallow saline wetland surrounded by semi-desert spanning about 8,000 hectares near the town of Bilasuvar.
Mahmudchala Lake is easily accessible for birders as the main highway heading south to Masalli cuts through the area. Located about 160km south of Baku, this is a worthwhile stop-off en route to the bigger birdwatching sites of Gizil Aghaj National Park and the Talish Mountains further south. From November to April it is a refuge for tens of thousands of wetland birds. Target species in winter: White-headed Duck, Gull-billed Tern, Lesser Short-toed Lark, Greater Flamingo, Pallas's Gull and Red-throated Pipit. In summer: Marbled Teal and Lesser Short-toed Lark. The area is most interesting during spring and late autumn/winter.
Mahmudchala Lake is located about 45 km from Shirvan National Park, 1 km from the main road to Bilasuvar region. Especially tourists going for a 3-4 day observation in the southern direction want to visit this point after Shirvan National Park. On the way to Astara, to return to the lake from the main road, you need to find the Bilasuvar inscription in the right direction. You can travel 1 km from the lake to the main road in the same way and return to the right in the direction of Astara.
The lake is located 22 meters below sea level. The total area is 8,000 hectares. The total area of the Mahmudchala wetland system is 23,000 hectares (including Lake Agchala). The climate around the lake is dry subtropical. Summers are dry, very hot, and winters are mild. The temperature in the surrounding areas is 29 + 35 ° С in summer and + 3 + 6,5 ° С in winter. Rainfall falls mainly in spring and autumn. The salinity of the water is 16-18 g / l. The temperature is 22-29 ° С in summer and 4-7,5 ° С in winter.