Inirida - Colombian Amazonia

Guainía  >  Colombia

The Colombian government declared this area as the Ramsar site Estrella Fluvial de Inírida – the River Star of Inírida, the first Ramsar site in the Amazon.

Added* by Dragan Simic
Most recent update 22 February 2022


Inírida is the capital city of the department of Guainía in the east of Colombia, mere 25 km (15 mi) from the border with Venezuela.

The local birdlist has reached more than 460 species, and some 30 more are expected. There is even the still Unnamed Antshrike (either related to Chestnut-backed Antshrike, or, given the morphological differences, a new species: Inirida Antshrike). Also, Inírida is the only accessible place where the extremely range-restricted Orinoco Softtail may be found.

The most intriguing aspect of local birding is the mixture of the more widespread birds of Amazonian origins and those more localised bird species of Guianan origins. The second group is often confined to the white sandy soil habitats characteristically drained by blackwater rivers and includes Little Nighthawk, Blackish Nightjar, Green-tailed Goldenthroat, Orinoco Piculet, Green-tailed Jacamar, Brown Jacamar, Bronzy Jacamar, Orinoco Softtail, Blackish-gray Antshrike, Pearly Antshrike, Cherrie’s Antwren, Imeri Warbling-Antbird, Yapacana Antbird, Rufous-crowned Elaenia, Capuchinbird (the only place to find it in the whole of Colombia), Purple-breasted Cotinga (scarce), Pompadour Cotinga, Yellow-crowned Manakin, Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin, Black Manakin, Azure-naped Jay (scarce), Brown-headed Greenlet, Red-shouldered Tanager, Rose-breasted Chat, Yellow-green Grosbeak, White-naped Seedeater and Plumbeous Euphonia.

Photos (2) by Juan Carlos and the Hoatzin by Tyler Ficker.



The local César Gaviria Trujillo Airport is serviced by Aerolinea SATENA, which has three flights a week to and from Bogotá (the flight lasts about an hour and a half). Several agencies offer tours of the area. I travelled with the Manakin Nature Tours and I strongly reccomend them.

Terrain and Habitat

Forest , Wetland , Plain , Grassland , Scattered trees and bushes , River


Flat , Swampy , Slippery , High water possible

Circular trail


Is a telescope useful?

Can be useful

Good birding season

All year round

Best time to visit



Unpaved road , Wide path , Narrow trail

Difficulty walking trail

Average walk

Accessible by

Boat , Car , Foot

Birdwatching hide / platform


Extra info

Inirida has a unimodal rainfall system, with the highest precipitation during May-July and the lowest during the December-February period. The drier months of late November to mid-March are considered the best season. Your man to look for is the local guide Daniel Camilo.


View other birding spots in the area that are published on Birdingplaces


Top 5 birds

1. Capuchinbird
(Perissocephalus tricolor)
Amazonian Umbrellabird
2. Amazonian Umbrellabird
(Cephalopterus ornatus)
Yellow-crowned Manakin
3. Yellow-crowned Manakin
(Heterocercus flavivertex)
Orinoco Softtail
4. Orinoco Softtail
(Thripophaga cherriei)
Orinoco Piculet
5. Orinoco Piculet
(Picumnus pumilus)

Other birds you can see here

(Opisthocomus hoazin)
Brown-banded Puffbird
Brown-banded Puffbird
(Notharchus ordii)
Bronzy Jacamar
Bronzy Jacamar
(Galbula leucogastra)
Blackish-gray Antshrike
Blackish-gray Antshrike
(Thamnophilus nigrocinereus)
Yellow-throated Antwren
Yellow-throated Antwren
(Myrmotherula ambigua)
Yapacana Antbird
Yapacana Antbird
(Aprositornis disjuncta)
Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin
Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin
(Neopelma chrysocephalum)
Black Manakin
Black Manakin
(Xenopipo atronitens)
Purple-breasted Cotinga
Purple-breasted Cotinga
(Cotinga cotinga)
Pompadour Cotinga
Pompadour Cotinga
(Xipholena punicea)
Azure-naped Jay
Azure-naped Jay
(Cyanocorax heilprini)
White-naped Seedeater
White-naped Seedeater
(Sporophila fringilloides)

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