In the large open area of the Vehnemoor typical marsh breeders such as Meadow Pipit, Bluethroat, Reed Bunting, Common Crane, Snipe, Eurasian Curlew, Common Redshank and Little Ringed Plover are common in spring and summer. There is also a small colony of Black-headed Gull and single pairs Common Gull. The forested area in the central part is a breeding place for Eurasian Nightjar, Willow Warbler and Tree Pipit.
On spring migration parts that just have been recently renaturalised are also good spots for Waders. Most numerous species are Common Greenshank, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Common Ringed Plover and Temminck's Stint. From late April to August (best time is first decade of May) other Wader species such as Dunlin, Sanderling, Ruddy Turnstone, Curlew Sandpiper and Little Stint could be watched here.
In winter the area is used as a roosting site for Common Crane and Swans.
There are four ways to access the moor (see map). One road through the area could be used by car, others are forbidden to use and blocked with barriers. But those can be explored on foot.