Fertőújlak (Mexikopuszta)

Sopron  >  Hungary

Beside vast meadow and pasture areas with sheep, water buffalo, and Hungarian Grey cattle, it is the restored wetland areas that draw in so many bird species.

Added* by Benjamin Knes
Most recent update 24 September 2021


In the flood year of 1996, the ring dyke protecting the grazed lakeshore area from floods was breached. Thousands of birds quickly discovered the new wetland as a foraging and breeding area, and hydraulic management of the area has since been adapted to suit the birds’ requirements. The easily accessed observation tower on the eastern shore of the Borsodi-dűlő is a particularly good spot to observe a wide variety of waterbirds. Raptors worth noting here are White-tailed Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Common Buzzard, Marsh Harrier, Eurasian Kestrel, Eurasian Hobby, and Red-footed Falcon, all of which breed in the area, while Hen Harrier, Peregrine Falcon, Saker Falcon and Merlin occur regularly in winter and autumn.

The evening arrival of thousands of wintering geese in long lines, the so-called “Gänsestrich” is a sight worth seeing, as is the increasing number of Common Crane resting here on migration. One must stay on the walkways in the whole area!



Though it is not even 7 km along a bike path from Apetlon, the majority of visitors reaches the area by car from the direction of Fertőd. There is also a bus line that stops at the route’s most important points. Time permitting, one should definitely stop at the Egret cottage on the northern edge of Sarród – the Hungarian National Park centre. Plenty of information material can be picked up in this architecturally striking building, which also houses a little shop and regular exhibitions, and is also the starting point for excursions into the National Park. After crossing the railway line, a large pasture area soon opens up to the west, which is best viewed from beside an information board about Imperial Eagle. Aside from this species, Montagu's Harrier and Red-footed Falcon can be seen here with a little luck, while one can safely rely on seeing Skylark, European Stonechat, and Corn Bunting. The shepherds’ museum in Lászlómajor keeps a number of traditional animal breeds, and also features information on the history of shepherding, fishing, and farming, and of the National Park in general. The windbreak to the north of the museum is home to a number of species, including Eurasian Kestrel, Long-eared Owl, Icterine Warbler, Long-tailed Tit, Greater Whitethroat, Blackcap and Golden Oriole, as well as (occasionally) Common Raven. There is a good parking opportunity after the regulation weir for the Einser-Kanal, at which point the Borsodi-dűlő opens up ahead. Before going there, the route first heads back south across the weir and then west. The large stable building is private property and cannot be accessed! From a distance one can nevertheless see Eurasian Collared Dove, Great Crested Grebe, White Wagtail, House Sparrow and Tree Sparrow breeding in and around the stable. The songs of Sedge Warbler, Great Reed Warbler and Reed Bunting can be heard along the Einser-Kanal, while Little Bittern, Great Egret and Purple Heron are mostly seen when they take flight. The cattle pasture south of the canal is a breeding site for Northern Lapwing, Western Yellow Wagtail and Corn Bunting, and Ruff can be seen here in large numbers in wet springs.

The route follows the path as far as the observation tower on the Nyéki-szállás, where a variety of herons, geese, ducks, waders, and terns can be seen at good water levels. A rather large colony of gulls breeds here in wet years. Activity can vary considerably here, because the area is not inundated every year, depending on water management. In dry years, the meadows to the south should be scanned for Eurasian Curlew in spring, and geese and hunting Peregrine Falcon in winter. Back at the weir on the Einser-Kanal, the route now continues along the Borsodi-dűlő to the observation tower on its eastern shore. This is the best place to observe a wide variety of waterbirds. It certainly pays to bring a spotting scope for the more distant parts of this huge expanse of water. Water Rail, Garganey, Common Pochard, Common Teal, Common Tern, Avocet, and Black-winged Stilt breed here alongside many other species, while a number of migrants and foraging guests can also be encountered here. The meadows around the tower are a popular place for Greylag Goose to raise their young. In April and May, one should take a close look at the flocks of curlew. Up to 100 Whimbrel can be seen alongside approx. 150 Eurasian Curlew at this time of year. Provided the area hasn’t frozen over or is completely covered in snow, between autumn and spring a number of nordic geese (including rare species!) frequent the area to sleep and drink. The geese’s return from their (often distant) foraging grounds at midday and in the evening – known locally as the “Gänsestrich” – can be seen especially well from here. A large autumn roosting site for migrating Common Crane has become established on the Borsodi-dűlő in recent years. The meadows and pastures leading up to the town of Fertőújlak are hunting grounds for Hen Harrier, Peregrine Falcon, Great Grey Shrike, and sometimes Saker Falcon in winter. At the bend in the road, one is just 200 m away from the “Sandeck – Neudegg” conservation zone on Austrian territory. The formerly large ground squirrel population on the higher-lying meadows north of the Borsodi-dűlő has unfortunately decreased significantly in recent years. Apart from the National Park information centre on the right hand side as one enters the little town, Fertőújlak also boasts abundant birdlife: breeding species include Barn Owl, Syrian Woodpecker, and Spotted Flycatcher, to name but a few, while up to 50 Long-eared Owl share communal roosts during the day in winter. The bike path leading from the eastern edge of town to the Austrian border offers good vantage points from which to scan the flocks of geese and Common Crane at the right time of year.

Terrain and Habitat

Wetland , Scattered trees and bushes , Grassland , Steppe


Flat , Open landscape

Circular trail


Is a telescope useful?

Can be useful

Good birding season

All year round

Best time to visit

Summer , Autumn


Paved road , Unpaved road

Difficulty walking trail


Accessible by

Foot , Bicycle , Car

Birdwatching hide / platform


Extra info

Egret cottage: After a series of drainage measures, the shore of Lake Neusiedl is now a long way from Sarród, which used to be a fishing village. The National Park centre of the Fertő-Hanság Nemzeti Park, the so-called “Egret cottage”, was built in the former harbour area of Sarród and mimics a fishing village of the Pecheneg people. The entrance gate symbolises the raised wings of two Great Egret facing each other. Seen from above, the building – the largest in Hungary covered in reed thatch – is reminiscent of a Great Egret spread wing. What is more, the gable wall of each individual “house” matches one town on the lake. The Egret cottage houses the National Park administra- tion, an information centre, exhibition space, and also offers accommodation.


View other birding spots in the area that are published on Birdingplaces


Top 5 birds

Other birds you can see here

Show more birds Show less birds
Show more images Show less images

Comments & Tips

Click on the little bird icon () to insert bird names in your own language. The birdnames will automatically be translated for other users!